5/30/2005

Caribbean Indigenous Peoples UN Statement on Universal Primary Education

INDIGENOUS PEOPLES CAUCUS OF THE GREATER CARIBBEAN (IPCGC)

THE FOURTH SESSION OF THE UN PERMANENT FORUM ON INDGENOUS ISSUES
16 – 27 MAY, 2005

Honorable Madame Chair, we the Indigenous Peoples Caucus of the Greater Caribbean, which includes Guyana, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela, congratulate you and the new members of the Permanent Forum on your historic appointments.(1)

We have convened here at the Fourth Session to present regional perspectives on Millennium Development Goal 2, “Achieve universal primary education” and we recommend:

1. That states provide the resources necessary to develop, with the full and effective participation of indigenous people, multilingual, multicultural primary education programs for indigenous peoples, especially where there is absence of the necessary law to provide this.

2. That states recognize the inherent rights of alloidal title of indigenous peoples, so that we may, according to our own values, customs, traditions, and Cosmovisions develop, restore and maintain our collective sustainable sources of living that are necessary to guarantee our way of life.(2) An example of this recognition can be found in the constitution of Venezuela.

3. That where the ancestral languages have been replaced by the dominant language, or not being used as a result of the actions of governments, assimilation and acculturation policies the states and other relevant UN Bodies, provide the resources, technical, or other assistance necessary to develop language immersion programs to restore and revitalize those languages. This should include indigenous nations divided by international borders.

4. That where indigenous peoples are divided by states borders those states create with the full and effective participation of indigenous people educational exchange programs and adequate mechanisms to facilitate language proficient teachers to cross boarders for the purposes of assisting other indigenous peoples in the restoration and revitalization of their ancestral languages In addition, the states and other relevant UN Bodies shall provide the necessary resources, technical or other resources necessary to implement this recommendation.

5. That those states or countries of the Greater Caribbean that have not undertaken constitutional reform or other legislative measures to recognize the rights of indigenous peoples, with the full effective participation of indigenous peoples initiate the appropriate constitutional reforms or other legislative measures to recognize the existence, identity and rights culture, traditions, customs, lands territories and natural resources

6. That states, with the full effective participation of indigenous peoples review all education materials to eliminate any discriminatory and derogatory contents and erroneous historical accounts that make Indigenous Peoples invisible, subject to ridicule, or in any way misrepresents them

7. In order to ensure proper follow up the issues recommended to the Permanent Forum, there is need for the Indigenous Peoples of the Greater Caribbean and other countries who are involved in this process to be engaged in preparatory meetings before the next session is convened. With this in mind, the Permanent Forum and other relevant UN Bodies must provide funding as well as the necessary technical and other resources towards this. We would also welcome the support of NGOs, funding agencies to assist in this initiative.

Madame Chair, and distinguished delegates, we thank you for your patience and the opportunity to submit these recommendations.

Footnotes:

1.) Following the model of the Association of Caribbean States, the Greater Caribbean is defined here as an area of cooperation in recognition of the common ancestral heritage and common geographic space shared by the Indigenous Peoples of this region.

At the 2005 session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, the following entities were represented via the IPCGC: Consejo General de Taíno Borincanos, Guyanese Organization of Indigenous Peoples - GOIP (Guyana), Hoboshirima Arawak Community (Venezuela), Nacion Taina de Las Antillas, and the U.S. Regional Coordinating Office of the United Confederation of Taíno People.

2.) Alloidal System: Absolute ownership of land, free from rent or service.

5/28/2005

Caribbean Indigenous Peoples Statement on Future Work of United Nations Forum

Taino'ti Guaitiao (Greetings relatives):

Following this message is a statement, which was prepared by the Indigenous Peoples Caucus of the Greater Caribbean (IPCGC) and submitted to the 2005 United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. Following the model of the Association of Caribbean States, the Greater Caribbean is defined here as an area of cooperation in recognition of common ancestral heritage and common geographic space shared by the Indigenous Peoples of this region.

The following entities were represented via the IPCGC: Consejo General de Tainos Borincanos (Puerto Rico), Guyanese Organization of Indigenous Peoples (Guyana), Hoboshirima Arawak Community (Venezuela), Nación Taína de las Antillas, and the U.S. Regional Coordinating Office of the United Confederation of Taíno People.

Oma'bahari (With Respect),
Roberto Mucaro Borrero (Boriken Taino),
President and Chairman, UCTP
U.S. Regional Coordinating Office
http://www.uctp.org/

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INDIGENOUS PEOPLES CAUCUS OF THE GREATER CARIBBEAN (IPCGC)

AGENDA ITEM 5 – FUTURE WORK OF THE PERMANENT FORUM

Madam Chair, we welcome the Second Decade and we extend thanks the UN General Assembly for proclaiming the Second Decade.

We encourage the Permanent Forum to focus on the recommendations previously made from the 1st to the 4th Sessions. The Indigenous Peoples Caucus of the Greater Caribbean makes the following recommendations:

RECOMMENDATIONS

1. We call on the Permanent Forum to request ECOSOC to recommend the expansion of the membership of the Permanent Forum to include a direct Caribbean presence in the Forum.

2. That some of the Expert Members of the Permanent Forum visit the Caribbean region, including CARICOM, to have a first hand knowledge on the situation of the Indigenous Peoples.

3. To urge the UN Agencies, Programmes, Funds, and other donors to allocate funding for meetings in the Caribbean relating to Indigenous Issues including the proposed meetings that the Expert members will be participating in.

4. We urge the Permanent Forum to ensure the effective participation of Caribbean Indigenous Women to be reflected in the work of the Second International Decade of the World's Indigenous Peoples. We also urge the Permanent Forum to request ECOSOC to urge the Governments to recognize and respect Indigenous Women's Groups and their recommendations particularly with regard to the MDGs and the Goals of the Second Decade.

5. To establish National and Regional Offices of the Permanent Forum in the Caribbean and to request the UN to provide adequate funding for these offices.


SECOND DECADE

1. We call on the Permanent Forum to urge ECOSOC to recommend that governments in the Caribbean Region establish National Committees to deal with the activities of the Second Decade. The establishment of the Committees must include the effective and full participation of the Indigenous Peoples including Indigenous Peoples Organisations. The Committees must participate in the evaluation of the second decade in achieving its goals.

2. We call on the Permanent Forum to assist in securing adequate funding for the region for th implementation of the Programme of Activities and the Plan of Action of the Second Decade for the Indigenous Peoples of the Greater Caribbean.

3. Implementation of MDGs should be monitored by developing an defectively using human rights impact assessment methods which are sensitive to the realities of indigenous peoples

4. To call on governments to support an encourage the building of alliances among Indigenous peoples including those separated by borders to revitalize an strengthen their culture

5. We support the call for the preservation of Sacred species be one of the goals of the Second decade.

Thank you madam Chair.

5/27/2005

Proclamación Continental Abya Yala

Proclamación Continental
Abya Yala
Foro Permanente de Cuestiones Indígenas
Quinto Periodo de Sesiones 15-26 de Mayo, 2006
Naciones Unidas NY, NY

Recordando la memoria, el esfuerzo y espíritu de nuestros ancestros de los Pueblos Milenarios, los que han dado originación a nuestros Pueblos Indígenas del Continente Abya Yala,

Retomando el poder de nuestro destino como Pueblos de la Humanidad,

En salvaguardia de los Derechos de las Futuras Generaciones de Nuestros Pueblos Indígenas,

Invocando los Mandatos Ancestrales de nuestra Confederación Continental del Águila y el Cóndor, y las pronunciaciones al respecto tomados en Cumbre Continental Indígena en Quito, Ecuador 2004 y en Mar de Plata, Argentina 2005,


PROCLAMAMOS

Al presentarnos como Pueblos Indígenas de Nuestro Continente Abya Yala frente esta quinta periodo de sesiones del Foro Permanente de Cuestiones Indígenas de las Naciones Unidas, y al haber ser recibo como tal por sus autoridades convocantes en el salón de Asamblea General,

Que la Bula Papal Inter Caetera de Papa Alejando Sexto 1493 es NULLIFICADO, también igual cualquier Doctrina de Descubrimiento procedente que pretende deformar la relación de Armonía, Justicia, y la Paz de Nuestros Pueblos Indígenas de la Humanidad entera.

18 de mayo, 2006


*******

Continental Proclamation
Abya Yala
Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
Fifth Period of Sessions May 15- 26, 2006
United Nations NY, NY


Recalling the memory, will and spirit of our ancestors of time immemorial, they who gave origination to we the Indigenous Nations of the Continent Abya Yala,

Reclaiming the power of destiny as Peoples of Humanity,

In safeguard of the Rights of the Future Generations of our Nations of Indigenous Peoples,

Invoking the ancestral mandates of our Continental Confederation of the Eagle and the Condor, and the respective pronunciations ratified in Continental Summit of Indigenous Peoples in Quito, Ecuador 2004, and in Mar de Plata, Argentina 2005,

WE HEREBY PROCLAIM

Presenting ourselves as Nations of the Indigenous Peoples of our continent Abya Yala before this Fifth Period of Sessions of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues of the United Nations, and upon being received as such by the convoking authorities on the floor of the General Assembly,

That the Papal Bull Inter Caetera of Pope Alexander VI is hereby ANNULLED, as well as whatever Doctrine of Discovery proceeding from which that pretends to deform the relationship of Harmony, Justice, and Peace of we the Indigenous Peoples of Humanity in its entirety.

May 18, 2006

******************************************************

II Continental Summit of Indigenous Peoples and Nations Abya Yala
Kito Kara Territories
Quito, Ecuador July 21-25, 2004

Resolution for Action Presented to Plenary Session
Submitted by: Tlahtokan Nahuacalli, Izkalotlan Pueblo, Aztlan

Issue: Call for Tribunal of Justice, by all Humanity, in the Court of the Indigenous Peoples Abya Yala regarding the Doctrine of Discovery of the Americas, specifically the ongoing colonization and genocide perpetrated with the guise of intellectual authorization of the Papal Bull INTER CETERA of Pope Alexander VI, 1493.

Action: We call for a permanent tribunal of justice at all levels of humanity across the globe, to address this issue in the historical and legal context of the universal principles of justice and jurisprudence of the Indigenous Peoples.

Precedent:
Geneva, August 1, 1991
Chief of State of the Vatican
Pope John Paul II
Rome, Italy

The indigenous delegates present at the Palace of Nations, in Geneva, Switzerland, in debateregarding the Universal Declaration of the rights of Indigenous Peoples, convened by the "Working Group on Indigenous People" of the United Nations, hereby present and declare:

In view of the declaration on May 3, 4, 1493, of the Papal Bull INTER CETERA, by which territories of Indigenous Peoples are conceded to Spain and Portugal, without taking into account the material or spiritual rights of the Indigenous Peoples in the case of ABYA YALA (America) and other parts of the world;

In defence of the sacred rights of the indigenous people, and in promotion of human dignity and harmony that should reign among humanity on this planet;

For all these purposes:

1) We demand from the Vatican state a denunciation of the unilateral treaty of Pope Alexander VI (TORDESILLAS) as being contrary to the Universal Human Rights of Peoples.

2) Whereas the year 1993 completes 500 years of a supposed spiritual conquest without clear rectification of this universal injustice, allowing the nation-states that have benefited from the inheritance of Pope Alejandro VI to continue programmes of genocide and ethnocide, denying the indigenous people the recuperation of a harmony based on reciprocal human respect, we demand that the Papal Bull of May 3, 4, 1493 ÍNTER CETERA be annulled.

3) We direct John Paul II to accede to universal concepts of justice including the spiritual and material rights of Indigenous Peoples, in furtherance of life, harmony of human beings with our Sacred Mother Earth, and the spiritual peace of the Great Creator in accord with the cosmovision of each one of our Indigenous Peoples, free from all oppression. Thus we proclaim in the name of Human Dignity, in harmony with our Mother Nature and in the Spirit of Truth.

Signed,
The indigenous delegates, and organizations.

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II Cumbre Comtinental de Pueblos y Naciones Indígenas Abya Yala
Territorio Kito Kara
Quito, Ecuador Julio 21-25, 2004

Resolución para Acción Presentado a la Plenaria
Entregado por: Tlahtokan Nahuacalli, Izkalotlan Pueblo, Aztlan

Tema: Un Llamado por un Tribunal de Justicia, por toda la Humanidad, en la Corte de los Pueblos Indígenas de Abya Yala, para hacer juicio en la cuestión de la Doctrina de Descubrimiento de las Americas, específicamente la colonización y genocidio actual perpetrado bajo la autorización intelectual de la Bula INTER CETERA del Papa Alejandro VI, 1493.

Accion: Hacemos un llamado por un tribunal permanente de justicia en todos niveles de la sociedad global, para hacer juicio en la cuestión, desde el contexto histórico y legal de la justicia universal en concordancia con la jurisprudencia de los Pueblos Indígenas.

Precedente:

Ginebra, agosto 1 de 1991
Señor Jefe de Estado Vaticano
Papa Juan Pablo II
Roma, Italia.

Los delegados indígenas presentes en el Palacio de las Naciones en Ginebra, Suiza, debatiendo la Declaración Universal de los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas convocados por el "Grupo de Trabajo sobre Pueblos Indígenas" de las Naciones Unidas, por este medio nos presentamos y declaramos:

En vista que en los días 3 y 4 de mayo de 1493, el Papa Alejandro VI emitió la Bula ÍNTER CETERA, por la que concede territorios de los Pueblos Indígenas en el caso de ABYA YALA América") y otras partes del Mundo, sin el CONSENTIMIENTO INDÍGENA ni el Derecho de Gentes, tanto en el plano espiritual como en el material;

En salvaguarda de los sagrados derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas, la dignidad humana y la armonía que debe reinar entre nosotros los humanos en este Planeta,

Por todos estos propósitos:
1) DEMANDAMOS al Estado del Vaticano, denunciando el tratado unilateral del Papa Alejandro VI (TORDESILLAS), por ser contrario a los Derecho Humanos Universales.

2} Que el año 1993 se cumplen 500 años de una supuesta conquista espiritual y sin que se verifique fehacientemente una rectificación de esta injusticia universal, donde permita recuperar la armonía con el respeto humano de los Pueblos Indígenas y reparar el genocidio y etnocidio cometido por los Estados que recibieron los beneficios de la herencia del Papa Alejandro VI, exigimos que se derogue la Bula ÍNTER CETERA de 3 y 4 de mayo de 1493.

3) Que Juan Pablo II debe atenerse a la validez universal del concepto de Justicia distributive incluyendo los Pueblos Indígenas con sus derechos espirituales y materiales, en pos de la vida y de los seres humanos en armonía con nuestra Madre Tierra y la Paz Espiritual con el Sumo Hacedor, de las cosmovisiones de cada uno de nuestros Pueblos Indígenas, libres de toda opresión.

Que así lo exigimos en nombre do la Dignidad Humana en armonía con nuestra Madre Naturaleza y en el Espíritu de la Verdad.

Firmas,

Los delegados indígenas y sus organizaciones.


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Actions of Implementation
Continental Indigenous Summit
Mar de Plata, Argentina November 2-3-4, 2005

ISUUE: GOVERNMENT STATES
The United Nations and the Organization of American States - OAS

ACTION: To implement the initiatives of DECOLONIZATION, at the dimension of our continent Abya Yala, obligated the procedures under international law indicated by resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly 1514 and 1541, among others.


ISSUE: CIVIL SOCETY

ACTION: To call for the commitment of support from the social justice movements of the continent for the global campaign of the Indigenous Peoples in demand of annulment of the Papal Bull Inter Cetera of 1493 (Doctrine of Discovery)


ISSUE: CONTINENTAL UNION of Indigenous Nations

ACTION: Historical Clarification

The Continental Indigenous Summit Mar de Plata 2005 is the continuation of a process and millennial tradition of Continental Union of Indigenous Nations, the Confederation of the Eagle and the Condor, which was regenerated at Quito, Ecuador in 1990 at the First Continental Encounter of Indigenous Peoples. The Second Continental Encounter of Indigenous Nations, Pueblos and Organizations was hosted in México at Temoaya, in 1993. These two continental encounters served as the foundation for the First International Indigenous Summit realized at Teotihuacan, México in 2000. The Second Continental Summit Abya Yala took place in 2004, once again at Quito, Ecuador.


ACTION: Call to Cultural Uprising

It is proclaimed from this Continental Indigenous Summit a call for a movement of CULTURAL UPRISING by the Indigenous Peoples of all urban areas of the continent, in accord with the principles of the Declaration of Mar De Plata, 2005.


NAHUACALLI
Embassy of the Indigenous Peoples
C/o TONATIERRA
Tel: (602) 254-5230
P.O. Box 24009 Phoenix, AZ 85074
Email: chantlaca@aol.com
www.tonatierra.org


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Aciones de Implementación
Cumbre Continental Indígena
Mar de Plata, Argentina 2-3-4 de Noviembre, 2005

TEMA: GOBIERNOS ESTADOS - La ONU y la OEA

ACCION: Impulsar las Iniciativas de DESCOLONIZACION, al nivel del continente Abya Yala, obligatorios por los procedimientos de la ley internacional indicados por las resoluciones de la Asamblea General de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas 1514 y 1541 entre otros.


TEMA: SOCIEDAD CIVIL

ACCION: Que se comprometen las organizaciones del sector de la sociedad civil a respaldar la campaña mundial por el derogue de la Bula Papal Inter Cetera de 1493. (La Doctrina de Descubrimiento)

TEMA: UNION CONTINENTAL

ACCION: Clarificación Histórica

La Cumbre Indígena Continental Mar de Plata 2005 es la continuación de un proceso y tradición milenaria de Unión Continental, La Confederación del Águila y el Cóndor, que dio inicio en Quito, Ecuador en 1990, en el Primer Encuentro Continental Indígena, con seguimiento en el año 1993 en el Segundo Encuentro Continental Indígena de Temoaya, México. Estos dos encuentros continentales sirvieron de base para La Primera Cumbre Internacional Indígena de Teotihuacan México, 2000 la cual realizó su continuidad en la Segunda Cumbre Continental Abya Yala de Quito Ecuador en al año 2004.

Que se proclama desde esta Cumbre Continental Indígena un llamado para el LEVANTAMIENTO CULTURAL de los Pueblos Indígenas urbanos al nivel continente, de acuerdo con los principios de la Declaración de Mar de Plata 2005.

NAHUACALLI
Embajada de los Pueblos Indígenas
c/o TONATIERRA
Tel: (602) 254-5230
P.O. Box 24009 Phoenix, AZ 85074
Email: chantlaca@aol.com
www.tonatierra.org


www.cumbrecontinentalindigena.org

Proclamación Continental Abya Yala - UNPFII 2006

5/23/2005

Indigenous Peoples Caucus of the Greater Caribbean (IPCGC)

INDIGENOUS PEOPLES CAUCUS OF THE GREATER CARIBBEAN (IPCGC)

The Fourth Session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
Item 4: Human Rights
Monday, 23 May 2005

Greetings honorable Chair, we the Indigenous Peoples Caucus of the Greater Caribbean, which includes Guyana, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela, have convened here to present perspectives on the situation of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous peoples.

We begin by supporting the report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of the Human Rights and Fundamental freedoms of Indigenous Peoples. We reiterate that all indigenous peoples share a spiritual, cultural, social, and economic relationship with their traditional lands and have a responsibility for preserving them for use by future generations.

We call attention to the urgent need to adopt a strong Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples elaborated in a manner consistent with international law and its progressive development. None of these statements are new; they are contained in numerous expert studies, reports, Joint Statements by Indigenous Organizations in Consultative Status with ECOSOC, Indigenous Nations, and Indigenous and non-Indigenous Organizations.

While we understand that studies and reports are needed in order to address the particular situations of Tribal and Indigenous Peoples, it is time to implement without further delay our inalienable right to self-determination, and collective rights to our lands, territories, and natural resources.

Honorable Chairperson, with this in mind specifically as it relates to the situation of the Greater Caribbean we recommend:


1.) That both CARICOM and the Association of Caribbean States establish a desk to focus on Indigenous Peoples issues and concerns including the goals of the MDGs, with the full and effective participation of the Indigenous Organizations of the Region.

2.) That the Special Rapporteur on the rights and fundamental freedoms of Indigenous Peoples pay particular attention to the Revision of the Amerindian Act of Guyana which is currently under way to ensure that the Guyana government respect, recognize, acknowledge and adopt, recommendations made by the Indigenous Peoples of Guyana.

3.) That the governments of the Greater Caribbean:

a. Respect our right to self-determination, to exercise self-government and fundamental right to self-definition.

b. Recognize our collective rights our lands, territories and natural resources which are vital for our social, economic, political, cultural and spiritual development, our source of life sustenance, and intimately connected to our identity, culture, education, health and way of life.

c. Respect our right to freedom of association and movement within our lands territories and self-determines geographic areas.

d. Ensure equitable representation of Indigenous Peoples on relevant government commissions or other official working groups.

e. Undertake with the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples:

1. Who share a common ancestral heritage, and geographic area as do the Taíno and the Hoboshirima Arawak of Venezuela, create adequate mechanisms to facilitate boarder crossing using as a model the Jay Treaty observed between the United States and Canada.

2. Constitutional amendments that recognize the existence and identities of Indigenous Peoples in their countries.

3. Adopt laws and programs that eliminate discrimination intolerance and social exclusion.

4. Develop and implement a regular established process for Indigenous Peoples to discuss amongst ourselves, and review existing and proposed national policies, laws and regulations with government representatives, agencies, and departments to ensure they do not undermine or in any way restrict or limit our rights and to discuss other issues of concern to us as they arise.

5. Lastly to undertake with the free prior and informed consent the adoption of laws and polices that implement the Akwe:kon Guidelines for the conduct of cultural, environmental and social impact assessments regarding development proposed to take place on, or which are likely, to impact on, Sacred Sites, Ceremonial Grounds, Burial Grounds, lands, waters, traditionally occupied or used by Indigenous and local communities.

Honorable Chair, and distinguished delegates, we thank you for your patience and the opportunity to submit these recommendations.

5/15/2005

Public Notice: Manataka (MAIC) Response to the Taino People Requested

To: Manataka American Indian Council
Post Office Box 476
Hot Springs Reservation, AR 71902
501-627-0555
manataka@sbcglobal.net
http://www.manataka.org/

Re: OTTO RIOLLANO CABALLO BLANCO DÁVILA

Taíno'ti Guaitiao (Greetings Relatives):

On behalf of the United Confederation of Taíno People (UCTP), it is my hope that at the time you receive this communication, it finds you all in good health and spirit. As President and Chairman of the United Confederation of Taíno People's U.S. Regional Coordinating Office, I am with regard the appointment of OTTO RIOLLANO CABALLO BLANCO DÁVILA as Manataka Ambassador to Spiritual Elders of Latin America.

With all due respect to the Council and Elder Lee Standing Bear, I recognize that it has been sometime since we have communicated directly. The last instances were surrounding the passing our dear brother Jeremy Atkinson, a Lokono Arawak from Venezuela. Following this, we also communicated with regard to medical condition of spiritual leader Robert Woableza LaBatte. As Elder Standing Bear of Manataka is aware, I have personally met and prayed with Woableza in solidarity as indigenous peoples.

Considering what I interpreted to be good relations established between Manataka and the UCTP, I am greatly concerned with announcement of Manataka’s Ambassador to Latin America. While I would normally not involve myself in the affairs of other communities, as a Taíno community representative it is my responsibility to speak on this particular situation as it profoundly affects us.

In the information provide by Manataka, the UCTP is made aware that "Otto Caballo Blanco Riollano is Puerto Rican by birth or borinqueño -- that is, a native of Boriquén, which was the indigenous name of this Caribbean island before it was invaded and colonized by Spain. His racial and cultural background is Puerto Rican, which is a nationality mainly made up of a mixture of Spaniards, Africans and Taíno Indians. (Although the Taíno nation was exterminated as a body politic, Taíno blood ancestry, spirituality and social traits constitute a very strong cultural undercurrent in the Puerto Rican nation.)"

After reviewing this statement, and never having heard of Mr. Riollano before, it is apparent that he has no connection the Taíno community in Borikén or throughout the Caribbean. His biographical information claims that the 'Taíno Nation was exterminated as a body politic’ and what remains is some ‘blood’ and social traits, which would better be described as nostalgia. However well meaning the intentions of Mr. Riollano, his statements blatantly promote the same racist rhetoric our People have endured for centuries. This ‘extermination’ propaganda was put in place by an elitist social structure that continues to remain in control of the academic system and government in Borikén (Puerto Rico) and beyond. The fact remains that the Taíno have continued to exist in the islands, including the very area (Utuado) where Mr. Riollano was born. Contemporary meetings, ceremonies and other events organized by Taíno people are well documented throughout the island.

The UCTP in particular and its representatives on the island already have extensive contacts with our relatives from the Southern mainland, as well as from Central America and beyond. In 1995 a major Elders gathering took place in Borikén (Puerto Rico), which featured indigenous Elders from throughout the Americas. The gathering was held on the land of one of our community leaders, Naniki Reyes Ocasio of the Caney Quinto Mundo in Orocovis. This was a major and well publicized event, so much so that recognition for Elder Naniki and several other Taíno participating was issued officially by the conservative republican Governor in office at the time, the Puerto Rican Senate and House of Representatives. These documents are available on our web portal at http://www.uctp.org/ .

Understanding this history, my questions and concerns on behalf of the Taino People who are represented by the UCTP are the following:

1.) If Mr. Riollano feels such an affinity to Indigenous Peoples why is he unaware that Taíno People continue to exist in Borikén?

2.) Considering the story of Manataka and the mission of its Elders to promote peace, why is the Manataka Elders Council contributing to the oppression of Taíno People in Borikén by appointing a representative who does not have any relationship with any local Taíno organization or community on the island or other islands?

3.) Why is the Manataka promoting the non-existence of a ‘Taíno body politic’ when the UCTP and Manataka have had communications in the past? Further, I have noticed at least one other Taíno link on the Manataka website, which reveals that beyond the communications Manataka has had with the Taíno People and Nation represented by UCTP, they are aware of other Taíno entities in existence.

Considering the far-reaching implications of this issue, I am requesting that the mandate of Manataka's Ambassador to South American Indigenous Peoples be suspended until this matter can be resolved in accordance with our communities customs and protocols. Further, in the interest of promoting peace and respect for indigenous peoples, I would am requesting that Mr. RIOLLANO cease from making any further commentary about the extermination of the Taíno People or the non-existence of Taíno Tribal Authorities.

In the Spirit of our ancestors I await the response of the Manataka Elders Council on this matter and it is my hope that Manataka and the UCTP can work together in harmony to bring about the world changes we would like to see for our present and future generations.

Oma’bahari (With Respect),
Roberto Múcaro Borrero,
President and Chairman,
UCTP - U.S. Regional Coordinating Office